When authenticating your long-form birth certificate, it’s important that you choose a country that is not part of the Hague Convention. In other words, choose a non–hague country.
What is the Hague Convention?
The Hague Convention is a treaty signed by numerous countries to establish a standard procedure for international child abduction cases. A “Hague case” refers to a case involving the abduction of a child from one Hague country to another. The Treaty of the Hague Convention ensures that the protections of children are treated fairly.
A “non-Hague case” refers to a case involving the abduction of a child from a non-Hague country to a Hague country, or from one non-Hague country to another non-Hague country. In these cases, there is no standard international procedure for resolving the matter, and it must be handled through the domestic courts of the countries involved.
In addition, the treaty represents a commitment by participating countries to prioritize the best interests of children in intercountry adoptions and to prevent child abduction, exploitation, and trafficking. The Hague Convention aims to promote cooperation between countries in intercountry adoption matters and to ensure that adoptions are carried out in an ethical and transparent manner.
The provisions of the treaty focus on ensuring that intercountry adoptions are carried out in a manner that respects the rights of both the child and the birth parents, and that such adoptions are not motivated by profit. Through the Hague Convention, participating countries are working together to provide a legal framework for intercountry adoptions that prioritizes the welfare and protection of children.
The History of the Hague Convention
The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (often referred to simply as the Hague Adoption Convention) is a treaty signed by numerous countries to establish a standard procedure for international child adoption cases. It was created by the Hague Conference on Private International Law, an intergovernmental organization based in The Hague, Netherlands, in 1993.
The treaty was created in response to concerns about the increasing number of child abductions, as well as the exploitation of children and families in international adoption processes. The Hague Adoption Convention was designed to provide greater protection for children, birth parents, and adoptive parents by establishing a legal framework for inter-country adoptions and promoting cooperation between countries.
The Hague Adoption Convention has been ratified by over 100 countries, and it is widely recognized as the leading international instrument for regulating inter-country adoptions. Its provisions aim to ensure that adoptions take place in the best interests of the child, that they are not motivated by profit, and that they are carried out with due regard for the rights of birth parents and the child.
Why It’s Important to Choose a Non-Hague Country To Authenticate
Choosing a non-Hague country is important because it means these countries recognize apostilled and authenticated certificates and makes your Certificate of Live Birth (COLB) easier to use while traveling abroad. It is important to authenticate a birth certificate in a non-Hague country because, in the absence of an international treaty like the Hague Convention, there may be no established procedure for recognizing foreign legal documents. This can lead to difficulties in proving the identity and citizenship of a person, as well as difficulties in establishing legal rights and obligations related to matters such as child custody, adoption, immigration, and inheritance.
So, when authenticating your long-form birth certificate (Certificate of Live Birth), it’s important that you choose a country that is not part of the Hague Convention. In other words, choose a non–hague country.
Provided below is a list of countries that are part of the Hague Convention and countries that are not a party to the convention. Reference it when authenticating your birth certificate.
Hague Convention Countries
The Hague Legalization Convention IS in force in the following countries.
Non-Hague Convention Countries
The below countries are NOT a party to the Convention. Thus, need “Embassy (Consular) Legalization” ( “Chain Authentication”).
Sao Tome and Principe
United Arab Emirates
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